The Kokosa Law Firm provides representation for clients charged with the following violations of the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law.

 

Operating a vehicle without insurance VTL 375-29(c)  0 Points
Failure to dim headlights VTL 375-3  2 points
Improper Towing/ more than one vehicle VTL 375-29(a)  2 points
Towing with a rope or non-rigid connection longer than 16 feet VTL 375-29(c)  2 points
No license driver in towed vehicle VTL 375-29(d)  2 points
Inadequate brakes (motorcycle) VTL 381-1(a)  4 points
Unlicensed operator VTL 509-1  0 points
Operating out of class VTL 509-2  0 points
Operating in violation of restrictions VTL 509-3  0 points
Permitting unlicensed operation VTL 509-4  0 points
Holding more than one New York State License VTL 509-5  0 points
Using another person’s license, allowing someone else to use your license, using a fictitious or fraudulent license VTL 509-6  0 points
Operating a commercial vehicle without an appropriate license VTL 509-7  0 points
Failure to notify the DMV of change of address VTL 509-8  0 points
Operating without filing a notice of disability VTL 509-9  0 points
Holding both a non New York License and a valid New York License VTL 509-10  0 points
Failure to surrender a suspended or revoked license or registration. VTL 510-7  0 points / Misdemeanor
Aggravated unlicensed operation in the 3rd degree. VTL 511-1(a)  0 points / Misdemeanor
Aggravated unlicensed operation of a vehicle with a gross weight more than 18,000 pounds. VTL 511-1(c)  0 points / Misdemeanor
Aggravated unlicensed operation in the 2nd degree. VTL 511-2(a)  0 points / Misdemeanor
Aggravated unlicensed operation in the 1st  degree.  VTL 511-3(a)  0 points / Felony
Facilitating unlicensed operation in the 3rd  degree VTL 511-a-1  0 points
Facilitating unlicensed operation in the 2nd  degree. VTL 511-a-3  0 points / Misdemeanor
Facilitating aggravated operation in the 2nd degree. VTL 511-a-3(c)  0 points / Misdemeanor
Facilitating aggravated operation in the 1st  degree. VTL 511-a-4  0 points / Felony
Aggravated failure to answer appearance tickets or pay fines imposed. VTL 511-d  0 points / Misdemeanor
Operating a motor vehicle while registration is suspended/ revoked. VTL 512  0 points / Misdemeanor
 Failure to report conviction, bail forfeiture or failed to answer summons VTL 514-7  0 points
Willfully erasing or making illegible, record of a conviction endorsed on a license VTL 515  0 points
Leaving the scene of an accident with Property damage  VTL 600-1a  3 Points
Leaving the scene of an accident with Personal injury  VTL 600-2a  3 points
Leaving the scene with injury to animal  VTL 601  3 points
Fail to comply to a lawful order of a police officer / Flag person  VTL 1102  2 points
Fail to obey traffic control device  VTL 1110-(a)  2 points
Fail to yield right of way / green light  VTL 1111-(a)1  3 points
Fail to yield green arrow  VTL 1111-(a)2  3 points
Passed red light  VTL 1111-(d)1  3 points
Failed to yield right on red  VTL 1111-(d)2a  3 points
Failed to yield left on red  VTL 1111-(d)2b  3 points
Passed red arrow  VTL 1111-(d)3  3 points
Passed flashing red signal  VTL 1113-(a)  3 points
Traveling in lane in violation of Red X signal  VTL 1116-d  3 points
Failing to stop at an out of service or malfunctioning traffic control device  VTL 1117  3 points
Failed to keep right  VTL 1120-(a)  3 points
Failed to keep right- Slow moving vehicle  VTL 1120-(b)  2 points
Failed to keep right – 4 or more lanes of traffic  VTL 1120-(c)  3 points
Failed to yield one half of roadway  VTL 1121  3 points
Failure to allow room to passed vehicle  VTL 1122-(a)  3 points
Failure to give way to the right  VTL 1122-(b)  3 points
Overtaking a bicycle   VTL 1122-a  3 points
Left pavement to pass on right  VTL 1123-(b)  3 points
Unsafe passing  VTL 1124  3 points
Drove to left on hillcrest or curve  VTL 1125-(a)1  3 points
Drove to the left on railway crossing  VTL 1125-(a)2  3 points
Drove to the left of pavement markings – no passing zone  VTL 1126-(a)  3 points
Drove wrong way on a one way street  VTL 1127-(a)  3 points
Drove wrong way – traffic island  VTL 1127-(b)  3 points
Moved from lane unsafely  VTL 1128-(a)  3 points
Driving in Center Lane  VTL 1128-(b)  3 points 
Failed to use designated lane  VTL 1128-(c)  3 points
Drove across hazard markings  VTL 1128-(d)  3 points
Following too close  VTL 1129-(a)  4 points
Failed to leave sufficient space between vehicles – combination of vehicles  VTL 1129-(b)  4 points
Failed to leave sufficient space between vehicles motorcades and caravans  VTL 1129-(c)  4 points
Driving over, across, along or within shoulder or slope of controlled-access highway  VTL 1130-(1)  2 points
Improper entrance or exit from controlled access highway  VTL 1130-(2)  2 points
Driving on shoulders and slopes  VTL 1131  2 points
Failed to yield right of way approaching intersection  VTL 1140-(a)  3 points
Failed to yield right of way in intersection  VTL 1140-(b)  3 points
Failed to yield right of way – left turn  VTL 1141  3 points
Failed to yield right of way – stop sign  VTL 1142-(a)  3 points
Failed to yield right of way yield sign  VTL 1141-(b)  3 points 
Failed to yield right of way entering roadway  VTL 1143  3 points  
Failed to yield right of way emergency vehicle  VTL 1144-(a)  3 points   
Failure of emergency vehicle operator to use reasonable care  VTL 1144-(b)  3 points   
Failure to move over for an emergency vehicle  VTL 1144-a  2 points    
Failed to yield at traffic circle  VTL 1145  3 points    
Failed to use due care for bike, pedestrian or animal  VTL 1146-(a)  2 points    
Causes physical injury by failing to use due care  VTL 1146-(b)  2 points
Causes serious physical injury by failing to use due care  VTL 1146-(c)  2 points
Approaching horses  VTL 1146-(a)  2 points
Failing to yield right of way to pedestrian  VTL 1151-(a)  3 points
Passing a stopped vehicle at a crosswalk or intersection  VTL 1151-(c)  3 points
Failing to yield to pedestrian on sidewalk  VTL 1151-(a)  3 points 
Failed to yield right of way to a blind person  VTL 1153  3 points 
Improper turn signal  VTL 1160-(a)  2 points 
Improper left turn signal  VTL 1160-(b)  2 points 
Improper left turn  VTL 1160-(c)  2 points 
Failed to turn as required  VTL 1160-(d)  2 points  
Improper u-turn  VTL 1160-(e)  2 points  
U-turn at grade/ curve  VTL  1161  2 points  
Unsafe start  VTL 1162  2 points  
Improper or unsafe turn/ without signal  VTL 1163-(a)  2 points  
Failing to signal stopping/ decreasing speed  VTL 1163-(c)  2 points
Improper/ no signal  VTL 1163-(d)  2 points
Improper/ failed to use four way flasher  VTL 1163-(e)  2 points
No signal lamps  VTL 1164-(a)  2 points
Failed to use signal lamps  VTL 1164-(b)  2 points
Improper right turn from roadway to alley / driveway, etc.  VTL 1166-(a)  2 points
Improper left turn from roadway to alley / driveway, etc.  VTL 1166-(b)  2 points
Improper left turn (one way roadway)  VTL 1166-(c)  2 points
Failed to stop at railroad crossing  VTL 1170-(a)  3 points
Drove through / around / under railroad barrier  VTL 1170-(b)  3 points
Drove through/ around/under railroad barrier while carrying passengers under 18 years old  VTL 1170-(c)  3 points / Misdemeanor
Drove through / around/under railroad barrier which points  causes physical injury  VTL 1170-(c)2  0 points / Misdemeanor
Failed to stop at Railroad crossing  VTL 1171-(a)  3 points
Failed to stop for a stop sign  VTL 1172-(a)  3 points 
Failed to stop for a yield sign  VTL 1172-(b)  3 points
Failed to stop emerging from alley/ driveway  VTL 1173  2 points
Failed to stop for a school bus  VTL 1172-(a)  5 points
Failed to keep school bus halted / lighted  VTL 1172-(b)  2 points
Obstructed traffic at intersection  VTL 1175  2 points
Obstructed highway/ railroad crossing  VTL 1176  3 points
Speed not reasonable and prudent VTL 1180-(a)  3 points
Speeding  VTL 1180-(b) Points determined by speed
1 – 10 mph over speed limit 3 points
11 – 20 mph over speed limit 4 points
21 – 30 mph over speed limit 6 points
31 – 40 mph over speed limit (possible suspension) 8 points
More than 40 mph over speed limit (possible suspension) 11 points
Speed in a school zone  VTL 1180-(c) Points determined by speed
Speed over the speed limit  VTL 1180-(d) Points determined by speed
Failing to reduce speed involving a special hazard  VTL 1180-(e) Points determined by speed
Speed in a construction Zone  VTL 1180-(f) Points determined by speed
Speeding using a radar detector in vehicles weighing greater than 18,000 Lbs  VTL 1180-(g) Points determined by speed
Driving too slowly (impeding traffic)  VTL 1180-(a)  3 Points
Driving below minimum speed limit  VTL 1181-(b) 3 Points
Unauthorized speed contest  VTL 1182-(1)  0 points / Misdemeanor
Driving while impaired by alcohol VTL 1192-1 Violation / Misdemeanor
Driving while intoxicated with a reading of .08 or more  VTL 1192-2 Misdemeanor / Felony
Aggravated Driving while Intoxicated with a reading of .18 or more  VTL 1192-2a(a) Misdemeanor / Felony
Aggravated Driving while Intoxicated with a child 15 years or less in the vehicle  VTL 1192-2a(b) Felony
Driving while intoxicated with a reading of .08 or more  VTL 1192-3 Misdemeanor / Felony
Driving while ability impaired due to drugs  VTL 1192-4 Misdemeanor / Felony
Driving while ability impaired due to drugs and alcohol  VTL 1192-4a Misdemeanor / Felony
Driving commercial vehicle while ability impaired due to alcohol with a reading of .04 or more not more than .06 BAC  VTL 1192-5 Misdemeanor / Felony
Driving commercial vehicle while ability impaired due to alcohol with a reading of .06 or more not more than .08 BAC  VTL 1192-6 Misdemeanor / Felony
Operating a motor vehicle after having consumed alcohol under the age of twenty one (also known as the zero tolerance law)  VTL 1192-a Misdemeanor / Felony
Refusal to take breath screening test  VTL 1194-1(b)  
Conditional license violation- operating out of restriction  VTL1196-7(a) Misdemeanor
Use vehicle without ignition interlock  VTL 1198-7(a) Misdemeanor
Renting a vehicle without ignition interlock  VTL 1198-7(b) Misdemeanor
Circumventing the ignition interlock device- having another person blow into the device or start the vehicle  VTL 1198-9(a) Misdemeanor
Circumventing the ignition interlock device- blowing into the device or starting the vehicle for a driver required to use an ignition interlock  VTL 1198-9(b) Misdemeanor
Circumventing the ignition interlock device – tampering  VTL 1198-9(c) Misdemeanor
Circumvention of ignition interlock device – Operating a motor vehicle without a court ordered interlock device  VTL 1198-9(d) Misdemeanor
Soliciting another to circumvent an interlock device  VTL 1198-10(a) Misdemeanor
Circumventing an interlock device for another  VTL 1198-10(b) Misdemeanor
Tampering with an interlock device  VTL 1198-10(c) Misdemeanor
Unsafe backing  VTL 1211-(a)  2 points
Backing on controlled access highway  VTL 1211-b  2 points
Driver of frozen food truck backing to, or attempting to make a sale  VTL 1211-c  2 points
Reckless Driving  VTL 1212  5 points
Driver’s view / control obstructed / more than 3 in front seat  VTL 1213-a  2 points
Failed to keep right / mountain highway  VTL 1215  2 points
Coasting on downgrade / neutral  VTL 1216  2 points
Following fire apparatus too closely ( 200 feet)  VTL 1217  4 points
Drove into (or parked) within block where fire apparatus stopped  VTL 1217  2 points 
Crossed fire hose  VTL 1218  2 points 
Working on state highway without a permit  VTL 1220-c  2 points 
Drove through/ within safety zone  VTL 1221  2 points
Avoiding a traffic control device / intersection  VTL 1225  2 points
Driving on sidewalk  VTL 1225-(a)  2 points
Cell phone violation  VTL 1225-(c)  3 points
No hands on the wheel or steering device  VTL 1226  2 points
No child restraint seat, back seat child under 4 yrs  VTL 1229-(c)1  3 points
No child restraint system, back seat child 4yrs to 7yrs  VTL 1229-(c)1  3 points
No seat belt, back seat child 7yrs to 15 yrs  VTL 1229-(c)1  3 points
No seat belt, front seat child 7yrs to 15 yrs  VTL 1229-(c)2  3 points
No child restraint seat, front seat child under 4 yrs  VTL 1229-(c)2  3 points
No child restraint seat, front seat child 4 yrs to 7 yrs  VTL 1229-(c)2  3 points
No seat belt driver  VTL 1229-(c)3  0 points

*** Disclaimer – While every effort has been made to insure that the information contained in this site is accurate and current, please be advised that this site is not an official site and does not contain official New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law Information. The site does not list all vehicle and traffic law violations, but rather selected offenses. Please be advised that by using this site you agree to the terms and conditions of the site and agree to hold harmless, The Kokosa Law Firm, Marc C. Kokosa, and AlbanyLawGroup.com for any loss resulting from any errors or omissions or any other cause.***